The History of Nations Past
Humanity descended from Prophet Adam (not apes!), who was 60 cubits tall (approx 30 meters high) and men have been shrinking over time to our current heights.
"Allah created Adam, making him 60 cubits tall... any person who will enter Paradise will resemble Adam (in appearance and figure). People have been decreasing in stature since Adam's creation." (Hadith)
The disbelievers in the time of Noah (Nuh عليه السلام) were destroyed by a world-wide flood. Noah's Ark landed on Mount Judi where its ruins remain (on the border between modern day Turkey and Iran).
And it was said: "O Earth! Swallow up your water, and O sky! Withold your rain." And the water was made to subside and the decree was fulfilled. And it rested on (Mount) Judi, and it was said: "Away with the people who are wrongdoing! (Quran 11:44)
The disbelieving Aad of Prophet Hud عليه السلام built huge towers, and were destroyed by winds. They are buried under the empty desert quarter of modern Oman.
And Aad, they were destroyed by a fierce roaring wind; which He made rage against them for seven nights and eight days, uninterruptedly. So you could see the people lying overthrown as if they were stumps of fallen palm trees. Then do you see any remnant of them? (Quran 69:6-8)
The disbelieving Thamud of Prophet Salih عليه السلام built homes into mountains. They were destroyed by earthquake for killing a giant miraculous camel. Their ruins are still seen in Mada'in Salih in modern day Saudi Arabia (and South Jordan)
So a shocking catastrophe (earthquake) siezed them, and they fell squatting in their abodes... (Quran 7:78)
Prophet Ibrahim and his first born son Ismaeel عليه السلام built the K'aba, Allah's House of Pilgrimage in the desert (settlement) of Bakkah. The place more famously known as the city known as Mecca (Makkah), in modern day Saudi Arabia.
And when Ibrahim and Ismaeel raised the foundations of the House (K'aba), praying: "Our Lord! Accept this from us, surely You are the All-Hearing, All-Knowing... (Quran 2:127)
The disbelieving pederasts of Lut عليه السلام were destroyed by being turned upside down and pelted with layers of firey brimstone from the sky. Their towns are said to lie crushed under the Dead Sea in modern day Jordan/Palestine. It is also the lowest place on Earth below sea level.
And the thunderous Cry seized them at sunrise, and We turned it upside down, and rained upon them brimsones of baked clay. Surely, in this are signs for those who reflect... (Quran 12:73-4)
The Pharaoh who, with his forces, chased Musa (Moses) عليه السلام across the Red Sea was drowned and the sea spat his body out. His body remains on display in the modern Egyptian capital, Cairo, as a sign.
... this day We shall save you in your body, so that you may be a sign for those who came after you... (Quran 10:90-2)
The Ark of the Covenant was known as the Tabut, it contained the artifacts of previous Prophets such as the Tablets and Rod of Musa. The Israelites used to take it into battles and win.
... Indeed the sign of his kingship is that the Ark (of the Covenant) shall come to you, in it is serenity from your Lord, and the relics left from the family of Musa (Moses) and Harron (Aaron), carried by Angels... (Quran 2:248)
Prophet Sulayman (Soloman) had an army consisting of Men, Jinn and animals. His Jinn carried out many tasks for him including the construction of Jerusalem's Temple. He could understand the language of animals and controlled wind power.
He said: 'My Lord! Forgive me, and grant me a Kingdom that will not be given to anyone after me, surely You are the Giver... (Quran 38:35-40)
"Then I remembered the dua (supplication) of my brother Sulayman..." (Hadith)
The Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم carried out many miracles by Allahs' leave, one of which was to physically split the full moon into two halves and re-join it.
The Hour has drawn near and the moon has been cleft assunder. And if they see a sign, they turn away and say, "This is continous magic! (Quran 54:1-2)